Schnittpunkt von Rasterlinien  
Virtual Grid Intersection  
Intersection virtuelle de grille 
IfcVirtualGridIntersection defines the derived location of the intersection between two grid axes. Offset values may be given to set an offset distance to the grid axis for the calculation of the virtual grid intersection.
The two intersecting axes (IntersectingAxes) define the intersection point, which exact location (in terms of the Cartesian point representing the intersection) has to be calculated from the geometric representation of the two participating curves.
NOTE The IfcGrid local placement, that can be provided relative to the local placement of another spatial structure element, has to be taken into account for calculating the absolute placement of the IfcVirtualGridIntersection. Where rules and informal rules ensure, that the IntersectingAxes belong to the same IfcGrid
Offset values may be given (OffsetDistances). If given, the position within the list of OffsetDistances corresponds with the position within the list of IntersectingAxes. Therefore:
The following figures explain the usage of the OffsetDistances and IntersectingAxes attributes.
Figure 321 illustrates two offset distances given where the virtual intersection is defined in the xy plane of the grid axis placement. 

Figure 321 — Virtual grid intersection with two offsets 
Figure 322 illustrates three offset distances given where the virtual intersection is defined by an offset (in direction of the zaxis of the design grid placement) to the virtual intersection in the xy plane of the grid axis placement. 

Figure 322 — Virtual grid intersection with three offsets 
The distance of the offset curve (OffsetDistances[n]) is measured from the basis curve. The distance may be positive, negative or zero. A positive value of distance defines an offset in the direction which is normal to the curve in the sense of an anticlockwise rotation through 90 degrees from the tangent vector T at the given point. (This is in the direction of orthogonal complement(T).) This can be reverted by the SameSense attribute at IfcGridAxis which may switch the sense of the AxisCurve.
Figure 323 illustrates an example of a negative offset where the figure shows the side of the offset.


Figure 323 — Virtual grid intersection negative offset 
HISTORY New entity in IFC1.5.
IFC2x CHANGE Renamed from IfcConstraintRelIntersection.
Informal Propositions:
#  Attribute  Type  Cardinality  Description  G 

1  IntersectingAxes  IfcGridAxis  L[2:2]  Two grid axes which intersects at exactly one intersection (see also informal proposition at IfcGrid). If attribute OffsetDistances is omitted, the intersection defines the placement or ref direction of a grid placement directly. If OffsetDistances are given, the intersection is defined by the offset curves to the grid axes.  X 
2  OffsetDistances  IfcLengthMeasure  L[2:3]  Offset distances to the grid axes. If given, it defines virtual offset curves to the grid axes. The intersection of the offset curves specify the virtual grid intersection.  X 
#  Attribute  Type  Cardinality  Description  G 

IfcVirtualGridIntersection  
1  IntersectingAxes  IfcGridAxis  L[2:2]  Two grid axes which intersects at exactly one intersection (see also informal proposition at IfcGrid). If attribute OffsetDistances is omitted, the intersection defines the placement or ref direction of a grid placement directly. If OffsetDistances are given, the intersection is defined by the offset curves to the grid axes.  X 
2  OffsetDistances  IfcLengthMeasure  L[2:3]  Offset distances to the grid axes. If given, it defines virtual offset curves to the grid axes. The intersection of the offset curves specify the virtual grid intersection.  X 
<xs:element name="IfcVirtualGridIntersection" type="ifc:IfcVirtualGridIntersection" substitutionGroup="ifc:Entity" nillable="true"/>
<xs:complexType name="IfcVirtualGridIntersection">
<xs:complexContent>
<xs:extension base="ifc:Entity">
<xs:sequence>
<xs:element name="IntersectingAxes">
<xs:complexType>
<xs:sequence>
<xs:element ref="ifc:IfcGridAxis" minOccurs="2" maxOccurs="2"/>
</xs:sequence>
<xs:attribute ref="ifc:itemType" fixed="ifc:IfcGridAxis"/>
<xs:attribute ref="ifc:cType" fixed="listunique"/>
<xs:attribute ref="ifc:arraySize" use="optional"/>
</xs:complexType>
</xs:element>
</xs:sequence>
<xs:attribute name="OffsetDistances" use="optional">
<xs:simpleType>
<xs:restriction>
<xs:simpleType>
<xs:list itemType="ifc:IfcLengthMeasure"/>
</xs:simpleType>
<xs:minLength value="2"/>
<xs:maxLength value="3"/>
</xs:restriction>
</xs:simpleType>
</xs:attribute>
</xs:extension>
</xs:complexContent>
</xs:complexType>
ENTITY IfcVirtualGridIntersection;
IntersectingAxes : LIST [2:2] OF UNIQUE IfcGridAxis;
OffsetDistances : LIST [2:3] OF IfcLengthMeasure;
END_ENTITY;
References: IfcGridAxis IfcGridPlacement IfcGridPlacementDirectionSelect