IfcRailing

Natural language names
Geländer
Railing
Garde corps
Change log
ItemSPFXMLChangeDescription
4.0.0.0
    IfcRailing
      OwnerHistoryMODIFIEDInstantiation changed to OPTIONAL.
Semantic definitions at the entity
Entity definition

The railing is a frame assembly adjacent to human circulation spaces and at some space boundaries where it is used in lieu of walls or to compliment walls. Designed to aid humans, either as an optional physical support, or to prevent injury by falling.

HISTORY  New entity in IFC2.0
Attribute definitions
#AttributeTypeCardinalityDescription G
9PredefinedTypeIfcRailingTypeEnum? Predefined generic types for a railing that are specified in an enumeration. There may be a property set given for the predefined types.
NOTE  The PredefinedType shall only be used, if no IfcRailingType is assigned, providing its own IfcRailingType.PredefinedType.
IFC2x CHANGE  The attribute has been changed into an OPTIONAL attribute.
X
Formal Propositions
RuleDescription
CorrectPredefinedTypeEither the PredefinedType attribute is unset (e.g. because an IfcRailingType is associated), or the inherited attribute ObjectType shall be provided, if the PredefinedType is set to USERDEFINED.
CorrectTypeAssignedEither there is no railing type object associated, i.e. the IsTypedBy inverse relationship is not provided, or the associated type object has to be of type IfcRailingType.
Inherited definitions from supertypes
Entity inheritance IfcBuildingElement IfcElement IfcProduct IfcObject IfcObjectDefinition IfcRoot
Attribute inheritance
#AttributeTypeCardinalityDescriptionG
IfcRoot
1GlobalIdIfcGloballyUniqueId Assignment of a globally unique identifier within the entire software world. X
2OwnerHistoryIfcOwnerHistory? Assignment of the information about the current ownership of that object, including owning actor, application, local identification and information captured about the recent changes of the object,
NOTE  only the last modification in stored - either as addition, deletion or modification.
IFC4 CHANGE  The attribute has been changed to be OPTIONAL.
X
3NameIfcLabel? Optional name for use by the participating software systems or users. For some subtypes of IfcRoot the insertion of the Name attribute may be required. This would be enforced by a where rule. X
4DescriptionIfcText? Optional description, provided for exchanging informative comments.X
IfcObjectDefinition
HasAssignmentsIfcRelAssigns
@RelatedObjects
S[0:?]Reference to the relationship objects, that assign (by an association relationship) other subtypes of IfcObject to this object instance. Examples are the association to products, processes, controls, resources or groups.X
NestsIfcRelNests
@RelatedObjects
S[0:1]References to the decomposition relationship being a nesting. It determines that this object definition is a part within an ordered whole/part decomposition relationship. An object occurrence or type can only be part of a single decomposition (to allow hierarchical strutures only).
IFC4 CHANGE  The inverse attribute datatype has been added and separated from Decomposes defined at IfcObjectDefinition.
X
IsNestedByIfcRelNests
@RelatingObject
S[0:?]References to the decomposition relationship being a nesting. It determines that this object definition is the whole within an ordered whole/part decomposition relationship. An object or object type can be nested by several other objects (occurrences or types).
IFC4 CHANGE  The inverse attribute datatype has been added and separated from IsDecomposedBy defined at IfcObjectDefinition.
X
HasContextIfcRelDeclares
@RelatedDefinitions
S[0:1]References to the context providing context information such as project unit or representation context. It should only be asserted for the uppermost non-spatial object.
IFC4 CHANGE  The inverse attribute datatype has been added.
X
IsDecomposedByIfcRelAggregates
@RelatingObject
S[0:?]References to the decomposition relationship being an aggregation. It determines that this object definition is whole within an unordered whole/part decomposition relationship. An object definitions can be aggregated by several other objects (occurrences or parts).
IFC4 CHANGE  The inverse attribute datatype has been changed from the supertype IfcRelDecomposes to subtype IfcRelAggregates.
X
DecomposesIfcRelAggregates
@RelatedObjects
S[0:1]References to the decomposition relationship being an aggregation. It determines that this object definition is a part within an unordered whole/part decomposition relationship. An object definitions can only be part of a single decomposition (to allow hierarchical strutures only).
IFC4 CHANGE  The inverse attribute datatype has been changed from the supertype IfcRelDecomposes to subtype IfcRelAggregates.
X
HasAssociationsIfcRelAssociates
@RelatedObjects
S[0:?]Reference to the relationship objects, that associates external references or other resource definitions to the object.. Examples are the association to library, documentation or classification.X
IfcObject
5ObjectTypeIfcLabel? The type denotes a particular type that indicates the object further. The use has to be established at the level of instantiable subtypes. In particular it holds the user defined type, if the enumeration of the attribute PredefinedType is set to USERDEFINED.
X
IsDeclaredByIfcRelDefinesByObject
@RelatedObjects
S[0:1]Link to the relationship object pointing to the declaring object that provides the object definitions for this object occurrence. The declaring object has to be part of an object type decomposition. The associated IfcObject, or its subtypes, contains the specific information (as part of a type, or style, definition), that is common to all reflected instances of the declaring IfcObject, or its subtypes.
IFC4 CHANGE  New inverse relationship, change made with upward compatibility for file based exchange.
X
DeclaresIfcRelDefinesByObject
@RelatingObject
S[0:?]Link to the relationship object pointing to the reflected object(s) that receives the object definitions. The reflected object has to be part of an object occurrence decomposition. The associated IfcObject, or its subtypes, provides the specific information (as part of a type, or style, definition), that is common to all reflected instances of the declaring IfcObject, or its subtypes.
IFC4 CHANGE  New inverse relationship, change made with upward compatibility for file based exchange.
X
IsTypedByIfcRelDefinesByType
@RelatedObjects
S[0:1]Set of relationships to the object type that provides the type definitions for this object occurrence. The then associated IfcTypeObject, or its subtypes, contains the specific information (or type, or style), that is common to all instances of IfcObject, or its subtypes, referring to the same type.
IFC4 CHANGE  New inverse relationship, the link to IfcRelDefinesByType had previously be included in the inverse relationship IfcRelDefines. Change made with upward compatibility for file based exchange.
X
IsDefinedByIfcRelDefinesByProperties
@RelatedObjects
S[0:?]Set of relationships to property set definitions attached to this object. Those statically or dynamically defined properties contain alphanumeric information content that further defines the object.
IFC4 CHANGE  The data type has been changed from IfcRelDefines to IfcRelDefinesByProperties with upward compatibility for file based exchange.
X
IfcProduct
6ObjectPlacementIfcObjectPlacement? Placement of the product in space, the placement can either be absolute (relative to the world coordinate system), relative (relative to the object placement of another product), or constraint (e.g. relative to grid axes). It is determined by the various subtypes of IfcObjectPlacement, which includes the axis placement information to determine the transformation for the object coordinate system.X
7RepresentationIfcProductRepresentation? Reference to the representations of the product, being either a representation (IfcProductRepresentation) or as a special case a shape representations (IfcProductDefinitionShape). The product definition shape provides for multiple geometric representations of the shape property of the object within the same object coordinate system, defined by the object placement.X
ReferencedByIfcRelAssignsToProduct
@RelatingProduct
S[0:?]Reference to the IfcRelAssignsToProduct relationship, by which other products, processes, controls, resources or actors (as subtypes of IfcObjectDefinition) can be related to this product.X
IfcElement
8TagIfcIdentifier? The tag (or label) identifier at the particular instance of a product, e.g. the serial number, or the position number. It is the identifier at the occurrence level.X
FillsVoidsIfcRelFillsElement
@RelatedBuildingElement
S[0:1]Reference to the IfcRelFillsElement Relationship that puts the element as a filling into the opening created within another element. X
ConnectedToIfcRelConnectsElements
@RelatingElement
S[0:?]Reference to the element connection relationship. The relationship then refers to the other element to which this element is connected to. X
IsInterferedByElementsIfcRelInterferesElements
@RelatedElement
S[0:?]Reference to the interference relationship to indicate the element that is interfered. The relationship, if provided, indicates that this element has an interference with one or many other elements.
NOTE  There is no indication of precedence between IsInterferedByElements and InterferesElements.
IFC4 CHANGE New inverse relationship.
X
InterferesElementsIfcRelInterferesElements
@RelatingElement
S[0:?]Reference to the interference relationship to indicate the element that interferes. The relationship, if provided, indicates that this element has an interference with one or many other elements.
NOTE  There is no indication of precedence between IsInterferedByElements and InterferesElements.
IFC4 CHANGE New inverse relationship.
X
HasProjectionsIfcRelProjectsElement
@RelatingElement
S[0:?]Projection relationship that adds a feature (using a Boolean union) to the IfcBuildingElement.X
ReferencedInStructuresIfcRelReferencedInSpatialStructure
@RelatedElements
S[0:?]Reference relationship to the spatial structure element, to which the element is additionally associated. This relationship may not be hierarchical, an element may be referenced by zero, one or many spatial structure elements.
IFC2x3 CHANGE  The inverse attribute has been added with upward compatibility for file based exchange.
X
HasOpeningsIfcRelVoidsElement
@RelatingBuildingElement
S[0:?]Reference to the IfcRelVoidsElement relationship that creates an opening in an element. An element can incorporate zero-to-many openings. For each opening, that voids the element, a new relationship IfcRelVoidsElement is generated. X
IsConnectionRealizationIfcRelConnectsWithRealizingElements
@RealizingElements
S[0:?]Reference to the connection relationship with realizing element. The relationship, if provided, assigns this element as the realizing element to the connection, which provides the physical manifestation of the connection relationship. X
ProvidesBoundariesIfcRelSpaceBoundary
@RelatedBuildingElement
S[0:?]Reference to space boundaries by virtue of the objectified relationship IfcRelSpaceBoundary. It defines the concept of an element bounding spaces. X
ConnectedFromIfcRelConnectsElements
@RelatedElement
S[0:?]Reference to the element connection relationship. The relationship then refers to the other element that is connected to this element. X
ContainedInStructureIfcRelContainedInSpatialStructure
@RelatedElements
S[0:1]Containment relationship to the spatial structure element, to which the element is primarily associated. This containment relationship has to be hierachical, i.e. an element may only be assigned directly to zero or one spatial structure. X
HasCoveringsIfcRelCoversBldgElements
@RelatingBuildingElement
S[0:?]Reference to IfcCovering by virtue of the objectified relationship IfcRelCoversBldgElement. It defines the concept of an element having coverings associated.X
IfcBuildingElement
IfcRailing
9PredefinedTypeIfcRailingTypeEnum? Predefined generic types for a railing that are specified in an enumeration. There may be a property set given for the predefined types.
NOTE  The PredefinedType shall only be used, if no IfcRailingType is assigned, providing its own IfcRailingType.PredefinedType.
IFC2x CHANGE  The attribute has been changed into an OPTIONAL attribute.
X
Definitions applying to General Usage

 Instance diagram


Concept usage

Object Typing

The Object Typing concept template applies to this entity as shown in Table 135.

HasTypeRelatingType
IfcRailingType

Table 135 — IfcRailing Object Typing



Property Sets for Objects

The Property Sets for Objects concept template applies to this entity as shown in Table 136.

PsetNameProperties
Pset_RailingCommon
TemplatePropertyNameValueReference
Single ValueReferenceIfcIdentifier
Single ValueHeightIfcPositiveLengthMeasure
Single ValueDiameterIfcPositiveLengthMeasure
Single ValueIsExternalIfcBoolean
Enumerated ValueStatusIfcLabel
Pset_ConcreteElementGeneral
TemplatePropertyNameValue
Single ValueConstructionMethodIfcLabel
Single ValueStructuralClassIfcLabel
Single ValueStrengthClassIfcLabel
Single ValueExposureClassIfcLabel
Single ValueReinforcementVolumeRatioIfcMassDensityMeasure
Single ValueReinforcementAreaRatioIfcAreaDensityMeasure
Single ValueDimensionalAccuracyClassIfcLabel
Single ValueConstructionToleranceClassIfcLabel
Single ValueConcreteCoverIfcPositiveLengthMeasure
Single ValueConcreteCoverAtMainBarsIfcPositiveLengthMeasure
Single ValueConcreteCoverAtLinksIfcPositiveLengthMeasure
Single ValueReinforcementStrengthClassIfcLabel
Pset_EnvironmentalImpactIndicators
TemplatePropertyNameValueReference
Single ValueReferenceIfcIdentifier
Single ValueFunctionalUnitReferenceIfcLabel
Single ValueUnitIfcText
Single ValueExpectedServiceLifeIfcTimeMeasure
Single ValueTotalPrimaryEnergyConsumptionPerUnitIfcEnergyMeasure
Single ValueWaterConsumptionPerUnitIfcVolumeMeasure
Single ValueHazardousWastePerUnitIfcMassMeasure
Single ValueNonHazardousWastePerUnitIfcMassMeasure
Single ValueClimateChangePerUnitIfcMassMeasure
Single ValueAtmosphericAcidificationPerUnitIfcMassMeasure
Single ValueRenewableEnergyConsumptionPerUnitIfcEnergyMeasure
Single ValueNonRenewableEnergyConsumptionPerUnitIfcEnergyMeasure
Single ValueResourceDepletionPerUnitIfcMassMeasure
Single ValueInertWastePerUnitIfcMassMeasure
Single ValueRadioactiveWastePerUnitIfcMassMeasure
Single ValueStratosphericOzoneLayerDestructionPerUnitIfcMassMeasure
Single ValuePhotochemicalOzoneFormationPerUnitIfcMassMeasure
Single ValueEutrophicationPerUnitIfcMassMeasure
Enumerated ValueLifeCyclePhaseIfcLabel
Pset_EnvironmentalImpactValues
TemplatePropertyNameValue
Single ValueTotalPrimaryEnergyConsumptionIfcEnergyMeasure
Single ValueWaterConsumptionIfcVolumeMeasure
Single ValueHazardousWasteIfcMassMeasure
Single ValueNonHazardousWasteIfcMassMeasure
Single ValueClimateChangeIfcMassMeasure
Single ValueAtmosphericAcidificationIfcMassMeasure
Single ValueRenewableEnergyConsumptionIfcEnergyMeasure
Single ValueNonRenewableEnergyConsumptionIfcEnergyMeasure
Single ValueResourceDepletionIfcMassMeasure
Single ValueInertWasteIfcMassMeasure
Single ValueRadioactiveWasteIfcMassMeasure
Single ValueStratosphericOzoneLayerDestructionIfcMassMeasure
Single ValuePhotochemicalOzoneFormationIfcMassMeasure
Single ValueEutrophicationIfcMassMeasure
Single ValueLeadInTimeIfcDuration
Single ValueDurationIfcDuration
Single ValueLeadOutTime
Pset_Condition
TemplatePropertyNameValue
Single ValueAssessmentDateIfcDate
Single ValueAssessmentConditionIfcLabel
Single ValueAssessmentDescriptionIfcText
Pset_ManufacturerOccurrence
TemplatePropertyNameValueReference
Single ValueAcquisitionDateIfcDate
Single ValueBarCodeIfcIdentifier
Single ValueSerialNumberIfcIdentifier
Single ValueBatchReferenceIfcIdentifier
Enumerated ValueAssemblyPlaceIfcLabel
Pset_ManufacturerTypeInformation
TemplatePropertyNameValueReference
Single ValueGlobalTradeItemNumberIfcIdentifier
Single ValueArticleNumberIfcIdentifier
Single ValueModelReferenceIfcLabel
Single ValueModelLabelIfcLabel
Single ValueManufacturerIfcLabel
Single ValueProductionYearIfcLabel
Enumerated ValueAssemblyPlaceIfcLabel
Pset_ServiceLife
TemplatePropertyNameValue
Single ValueMeanTimeBetweenFailureIfcDuration
Bounded ValueServiceLifeDurationIfcDuration
Pset_Warranty
TemplatePropertyNameValue
Single ValueWarrantyIdentifierIfcIdentifier
Single ValueWarrantyStartDateIfcDate
Single ValueWarrantyEndDateIfcDate
Single ValueIsExtendedWarrantyIfcBoolean
Single ValueWarrantyPeriodIfcTimeMeasure
Single ValueWarrantyContentIfcText
Single ValueExclusionsIfcText

Table 136 — IfcRailing Property Sets for Objects



Quantity Sets

The Quantity Sets concept template applies to this entity as shown in Table 137.

QsetNameQuantities
Qto_RailingBaseQuantities

Table 137 — IfcRailing Quantity Sets



Material Constituents

The Material Constituent Set concept applies to this entity.

The material of the IfcRailing is defined by the IfcMaterialConstituent or as fallback by IfcMaterial, and it is attached either directly or at the IfcRailingType.



Spatial Containment

The Spatial Containment concept template applies to this entity as shown in Table 138.

RelatingStructureDescription
IfcBuildingStoreyDefault spatial container
IfcBuildingSpatial container for the element if it cannot be assigned to a building storey
IfcSiteSpatial container for the element in case that it is placed on site (outside of building)

Table 138 — IfcRailing Spatial Containment

The IfcRailing, as any subtype of IfcBuildingElement, may participate alternatively in one of the two different containment relationships:



Axis 2D Geometry

The Axis 2D Geometry concept applies to this entity.



mvdXML Specification
<?xml version="1.0"?>
<ConceptRoot xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" uuid="816419f8-2744-4068-9863-c83fc4a00c7a" name="IfcRailing" status="sample" applicableRootEntity="IfcRailing">
  <Concepts>
    <Concept uuid="bd0acd2e-1c2b-4ef0-a97d-9c58be155dec" name="Object Typing" status="sample" override="false">
      <Template ref="35a2e10e-20df-40f4-ab2f-dacf0a6744f4" />
      <TemplateRules operator="and">
        <TemplateRule Parameters="RelatingType[Type]='IfcRailingType'" />
      </TemplateRules>
    </Concept>
    <Concept uuid="873e7935-9816-494d-b3db-cd626573bf4d" name="Property Sets for Objects" status="sample" override="false">
      <Template ref="f74255a6-0c0e-4f31-84ad-24981db62461" />
      <TemplateRules operator="and">
        <TemplateRule Parameters="PsetName[Value]='Pset_RailingCommon'" />
        <TemplateRule Parameters="PsetName[Value]='Pset_ConcreteElementGeneral'" />
      </TemplateRules>
    </Concept>
    <Concept uuid="e1eb3d29-8235-41b2-88e2-48f4753993d5" name="Quantity Sets" status="sample" override="false">
      <Template ref="6652398e-6579-4460-8cb4-26295acfacc7" />
      <TemplateRules operator="and">
        <TemplateRule Parameters="QsetName[Value]='Qto_RailingBaseQuantities'" />
      </TemplateRules>
    </Concept>
    <Concept uuid="5450cfad-7f45-4eda-97d9-09db0c1a8d7a" name="Material Constituents" status="sample" override="false">
      <Template ref="d96f7f7d-e742-4db8-9b5d-18a36a6df884" />
    </Concept>
    <Concept uuid="75c58fce-0b95-44d0-bb79-fdd17d3ecef2" name="Spatial Containment" status="sample" override="false">
      <Template ref="d9a3f822-0014-4bc2-8d94-9d9067759045" />
      <TemplateRules operator="and">
        <TemplateRule Description="Default spatial container" Parameters="RelatingStructure[Type]='IfcBuildingStorey'" />
        <TemplateRule Description="Spatial container for the element if it cannot be assigned to a building storey" Parameters="RelatingStructure[Type]='IfcBuilding'" />
        <TemplateRule Description="Spatial container for the element in case that it is placed on site (outside of building)" Parameters="RelatingStructure[Type]='IfcSite'" />
      </TemplateRules>
    </Concept>
    <Concept uuid="00670f88-3cf2-4ff9-9be7-afed37a47e82" name="Axis 2D Geometry" status="sample" override="false">
      <Template ref="782444e8-d681-475a-9034-a9e7f53c6d65" />
    </Concept>
  </Concepts>
</ConceptRoot>
Concept inheritance

#ConceptTemplateModel View
IfcRoot
IdentitySoftware IdentityGeneral Usage
Revision ControlRevision ControlGeneral Usage
IfcObjectDefinition
Classification AssociationClassificationGeneral Usage
IfcObject
Object User IdentityObject User IdentityGeneral Usage
Object Predefined TypeObject Predefined TypeGeneral Usage
Property Sets with OverrideProperty Sets with OverrideGeneral Usage
IfcProduct
Product PlacementProduct PlacementGeneral Usage
Product Geometric RepresentationProduct Geometric RepresentationGeneral Usage
IfcElement
Product Local PlacementProduct Local PlacementGeneral Usage
CoG GeometryCoG GeometryGeneral Usage
Box GeometryBox GeometryGeneral Usage
FootPrint GeometryFootPrint GeometryGeneral Usage
Body SurfaceOrSolidModel GeometryBody SurfaceOrSolidModel GeometryGeneral Usage
Body SurfaceModel GeometryBody SurfaceModel GeometryGeneral Usage
Body Tessellation GeometryBody Tessellation GeometryGeneral Usage
Body Brep GeometryBody Brep GeometryGeneral Usage
Body AdvancedBrep GeometryBody AdvancedBrep GeometryGeneral Usage
Body CSG GeometryBody CSG GeometryGeneral Usage
Mapped GeometryMapped GeometryGeneral Usage
Element VoidingElement VoidingGeneral Usage
Element ProjectingElement ProjectingGeneral Usage
IfcBuildingElement
Product AssignmentProduct AssignmentGeneral Usage
Surface 3D GeometrySurface 3D GeometryGeneral Usage
IfcRailing
Object TypingObject TypingGeneral Usage
Property Sets for ObjectsProperty Sets for ObjectsGeneral Usage
Quantity SetsQuantity SetsGeneral Usage
Material ConstituentsMaterial Constituent SetGeneral Usage
Spatial ContainmentSpatial ContainmentGeneral Usage
Axis 2D GeometryAxis 2D GeometryGeneral Usage
Formal representations
XML Specification
 <xs:element name="IfcRailing" type="ifc:IfcRailing" substitutionGroup="ifc:IfcBuildingElement" nillable="true"/>
 <xs:complexType name="IfcRailing">
  <xs:complexContent>
   <xs:extension base="ifc:IfcBuildingElement">
    <xs:attribute name="PredefinedType" type="ifc:IfcRailingTypeEnum" use="optional"/>
   </xs:extension>
  </xs:complexContent>
 </xs:complexType>
EXPRESS Specification
ENTITY IfcRailing
 SUBTYPE OF (IfcBuildingElement);
  PredefinedType : OPTIONAL IfcRailingTypeEnum;
 WHERE
  CorrectPredefinedType : NOT(EXISTS(PredefinedType)) OR
(PredefinedType <> IfcRailingTypeEnum.USERDEFINED) OR
((PredefinedType = IfcRailingTypeEnum.USERDEFINED) AND EXISTS (SELF\IfcObject.ObjectType));
  CorrectTypeAssigned : (SIZEOF(IsTypedBy) = 0) OR
('IFCSHAREDBLDGELEMENTS.IfcRailingType' IN TYPEOF(SELF\IfcObject.IsTypedBy[1].RelatingType));
END_ENTITY;

Link to EXPRESS-G diagram EXPRESS-G diagram

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