Natural language names
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Semantic definitions at the entity
Entity definition

The IfcSphericalSurface is a bounded elementary surface. The inherited Position attribute defines the IfcAxisPlacement3D and provides:

NOTE  Definition according to ISO/CD 10303-42:1992

An IfcSphericalSurface is a type of an elementary surface, which is at a constant distance (the radius) from a central point. A spherical surface is defined by the radius and the location and orientation of the surface.

The data is to be interpreted as follows:

C = Position.Location
x = Position.P[1]
y = Position.P[2]
z = Position.P[3] (axis of spherical surface)
R = Radius

and the surface is parametrised as

σ(u,v) = C + R cos v ((cos u) x + (sin u) y) + R(sin v) z

where the parametrisation range is 0 ≤ u ≤ 360 degrees and -90 ≤ v ≤ 90 degrees. u and v are angular parameters and when numerical values are specified they shall use the current units for plane angle measure.

In the placement coordinate system defined above, the surface is represented by the equation S = 0, where

S(x, y, z) = x2 + y2 + z2 - R2.

The positive direction of the normal to the surface at any point on the surface is given by

(Sx, Sy, Sz ).

The unit normal is given by

N(u,v) = cos v((cos u)x + (sin u)y) + (sin v)z,
NOTE  Entity adapted from spherical_surface defined in ISO 10303-42.
HISTORY  New entity in IFC4 Addendum 2.
Attribute definitions
#AttributeTypeCardinalityDescription G
2RadiusIfcPositiveLengthMeasure The radius of the sphere.X
Inherited definitions from supertypes
Entity inheritance IfcElementarySurface IfcSurface IfcGeometricRepresentationItem IfcRepresentationItem
Attribute inheritance
S[0:1]Assignment of the representation item to a single or multiple layer(s). The LayerAssignments can override a LayerAssignments of the IfcRepresentation it is used within the list of Items.
IFC2x3 CHANGE  The inverse attribute LayerAssignments has been added.
IFC4 CHANGE  The inverse attribute LayerAssignment has been restricted to max 1. Upward compatibility for file based exchange is guaranteed.
S[0:1]Reference to the IfcStyledItem that provides presentation information to the representation, e.g. a curve style, including colour and thickness to a geometric curve.
IFC2x3 CHANGE  The inverse attribute StyledByItem has been added.
IfcDimensionCountThe space dimensionality of IfcSurface. It is always a three-dimensional geometric representation item.
IFC4 CHANGE Derived attribute promoted from subtypes.
1PositionIfcAxis2Placement3D The position and orientation of the surface. This attribute is used in the definition of the parameterization of the surface. X
2RadiusIfcPositiveLengthMeasure The radius of the sphere.X
Formal representations
XML Specification
 <xs:element name="IfcSphericalSurface" type="ifc:IfcSphericalSurface" substitutionGroup="ifc:IfcElementarySurface" nillable="true"/>
 <xs:complexType name="IfcSphericalSurface">
   <xs:extension base="ifc:IfcElementarySurface">
    <xs:attribute name="Radius" type="ifc:IfcPositiveLengthMeasure" use="optional"/>
EXPRESS Specification
ENTITY IfcSphericalSurface
 SUBTYPE OF (IfcElementarySurface);
  Radius : IfcPositiveLengthMeasure;

Link to EXPRESS-G diagram EXPRESS-G diagram

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