Festkörper  Entlang einer auf einer Referenzfläche liegenden Leitlinie extrudiert  
Surface Curve Swept Area Solid 
Item  SPF  XML  Change  Description 

4.0.0.0  
IfcSurfaceCurveSweptAreaSolid  
Position  MODIFIED  Instantiation changed to OPTIONAL.  
StartParam  MODIFIED  Instantiation changed to OPTIONAL.  
EndParam  MODIFIED  Instantiation changed to OPTIONAL. 
The IfcSurfaceCurveSweptAreaSolid is the result of sweeping an area along a directrix that lies on a reference surface. The swept area is provided by a subtype of IfcProfileDef. The profile is placed by an implicit cartesian transformation operator at the start point of the sweep, where the profile normal agrees to the tangent of the directrix at this point, and the profile's xaxis agrees to the surface normal. At any point along the directrix, the swept profile origin lies on the directrix, the profile's normal points towards the tangent of the directrix, and the profile's xaxis is identical to the surface normal at this point.
NOTE The profile area's normal has to be identical to the tangent of the directrix at any given point. In case of a directrix having a linear segment at the start point, the segment has to be perpendicular to the profile at start.
The Directrix and the ReferenceSurface are positioned within the object coordinate system. The start of the sweeping operation is at the StartParam, the parameter value is provided based on the curve parameterization. If no StartParam is provided the start defaults to the begin of the directrix. The end of the sweeping operation is at the EndParam, the parameter value is provided based on the curve parameterization. If no EndParam is provided the end defaults to the end of the directrix. The geometric shape of the solid is not dependent upon the curve parameterization; the volume depends upon the area swept and the length of the Directrix.
NOTE The StartParam and the EndParam are not normalized by default, they depend upon the parameterization of the curve. However using the IfcReparametrisedCompositeCurveSegment within an IfcCompositeCurve as the directrix allows to explicitly reparameterize the underlying sweeping curve. In case of a closed curve, such as IfcCircle or IfcEllipse, as the directrix, StartParam and the EndParam shall not exceed the parametic range, they shall not be > 360°.
EXAMPLE The reference surface is any surface (plane, cylindric, composite) situated in 3D space and positioned in the object coordinate system. In most cases, it is a plane or a surface of extrusion. The directrix lies on the surface, in case of a plane it might be defined as a polyline or composite curve, in case of a cylindrical or other nonplaner reference surface it might often be defined as a pcurve on this reference surface.
At any point of the directrix, a plane can be constructed. The origin of the position coordinate system of the implicit plane lies at the directrix. The Axis3 (the zaxis, or normal) of the position coordinate system is identical to the tangent of the directrix at this point, the Axis1 (the x axis, or u) of the position coordinate system is identical to the normal of the reference surface at this point. The Axis2 (the y axis, or v) is constructed.
The resulting body of the swept solid is not repositioned if the inherited Position attribute is omitted. Otherwise the coordinate system established by the Position attribute is used to reposition the body relative to the object coordinate system.
EXAMPLE Figure 377 illustrates an example using a cylindrical reference surface and a pcurve for sweeping a rectangle. The Postion is not provided and therefore it does not reposition the resulting swept solid. Figure 378 shows the expected result. NOTE The start of the directrix lies at the origin of the object coordinate system, as shown in the illustration, only by coincidence. The start of the directrix and thereby the start of the sweeping operation might be at any point within the object coordinate system and only depends on the position of the directrix. 

Figure 377 — Surface curve wept area solid parameter 

Figure 378 — Surface curve wept area solid results 
NOTE Definition according to ISO/CD 1030342:1992
A surface curve swept area solid is a type of swept area solid which is the result of sweeping a face along a Directrix lying on a ReferenceSurface. The orientation of the SweptArea is related to the direction of the surface normal.
The SweptArea is required to be a curve bounded surface lying in the plane z = 0 and this is swept along the Directrix in such a way that the origin of the local coordinate system used to define the SweptArea is on the Directrix and the local xaxis is in the direction of the normal to the ReferenceSurface at the current point. The resulting solid has the property that the cross section of the surface by the normal plane to the Directrix at any point is a copy of the SweptArea.
The orientation of the SweptArea as it sweeps along the Directrix is precisely defined by a Cartesian Transformation Operator 3D with attributes:
 Local origin as point (0., 0., 0),
 Axis 1 as the normal N to the reference surface at the point of the directrix with parameter u.
 Axis 3 as the direction of the tangent vector t at the point of the directrix with parameter u.
The remaining attributes are defaulted to define a corresponding transformation matrix T(u), which varies with the directrix parameter u.
NOTE Entity adapted from surface_curve_swept_area_solid defined in ISO 1030342.
HISTORY New entity in IFC2x2.
Informal Propositions:
#  Attribute  Type  Cardinality  Description  G 

3  Directrix  IfcCurve  The curve used to define the sweeping operation. The solid is generated by sweeping the SELF\IfcSweptAreaSolid.SweptArea along the Directrix.  X  
4  StartParam  IfcParameterValue  ? 
The parameter value on the Directrix at which the sweeping operation commences. If no value is provided the start of the sweeping operation is at the start of the Directrix.
IFC4 CHANGE The attribute has been changed to OPTIONAL with upward compatibility for filebased exchange.  X 
5  EndParam  IfcParameterValue  ? 
The parameter value on the Directrix at which the sweeping operation ends. If no value is provided the end of the sweeping operation is at the end of the Directrix.
IFC4 CHANGE The attribute has been changed to OPTIONAL with upward compatibility for filebased exchange.  X 
6  ReferenceSurface  IfcSurface  The surface containing the Directrix.  X 
Rule  Description 

DirectrixBounded  If the values for StartParam or EndParam are omited, then the Directrix has to be a bounded or closed curve.
IFC4 CHANGE New WHERE rule. 
#  Attribute  Type  Cardinality  Description  G 

IfcRepresentationItem  
LayerAssignment  IfcPresentationLayerAssignment @AssignedItems  S[0:1]  Assignment of the representation item to a single or multiple layer(s). The LayerAssignments can override a LayerAssignments of the IfcRepresentation it is used within the list of Items.
IFC2x3 CHANGE The inverse attribute LayerAssignments has been added. IFC4 CHANGE The inverse attribute LayerAssignment has been restricted to max 1. Upward compatibility for file based exchange is guaranteed.  X  
StyledByItem  IfcStyledItem @Item  S[0:1]  Reference to the IfcStyledItem that provides presentation information to the representation, e.g. a curve style, including colour and thickness to a geometric curve.
IFC2x3 CHANGE The inverse attribute StyledByItem has been added.  X  
IfcGeometricRepresentationItem  
IfcSolidModel  
Dim :=3  IfcDimensionCount  The space dimensionality of this class, it is always 3.  X  
IfcSweptAreaSolid  
1  SweptArea  IfcProfileDef  The surface defining the area to be swept. It is given as a profile definition within the xy plane of the position coordinate system.  X  
2  Position  IfcAxis2Placement3D  ? 
Position coordinate system for the resulting swept solid of the sweeping operation. The position coordinate system allows for repositioning of the swept solid. If not provided, the swept solid remains within the position as determined by the cross section or by the directrix used for the sweeping operation.
IFC4 CHANGE The attribute has been changed to OPTIONAL with upward compatibility for filebased exchange.  X 
IfcSurfaceCurveSweptAreaSolid  
3  Directrix  IfcCurve  The curve used to define the sweeping operation. The solid is generated by sweeping the SELF\IfcSweptAreaSolid.SweptArea along the Directrix.  X  
4  StartParam  IfcParameterValue  ? 
The parameter value on the Directrix at which the sweeping operation commences. If no value is provided the start of the sweeping operation is at the start of the Directrix.
IFC4 CHANGE The attribute has been changed to OPTIONAL with upward compatibility for filebased exchange.  X 
5  EndParam  IfcParameterValue  ? 
The parameter value on the Directrix at which the sweeping operation ends. If no value is provided the end of the sweeping operation is at the end of the Directrix.
IFC4 CHANGE The attribute has been changed to OPTIONAL with upward compatibility for filebased exchange.  X 
6  ReferenceSurface  IfcSurface  The surface containing the Directrix.  X 
<xs:element name="IfcSurfaceCurveSweptAreaSolid" type="ifc:IfcSurfaceCurveSweptAreaSolid" substitutionGroup="ifc:IfcSweptAreaSolid" nillable="true"/>
<xs:complexType name="IfcSurfaceCurveSweptAreaSolid">
<xs:complexContent>
<xs:extension base="ifc:IfcSweptAreaSolid">
<xs:sequence>
<xs:element name="Directrix" type="ifc:IfcCurve" nillable="true"/>
<xs:element name="ReferenceSurface" type="ifc:IfcSurface" nillable="true"/>
</xs:sequence>
<xs:attribute name="StartParam" type="ifc:IfcParameterValue" use="optional"/>
<xs:attribute name="EndParam" type="ifc:IfcParameterValue" use="optional"/>
</xs:extension>
</xs:complexContent>
</xs:complexType>
ENTITY IfcSurfaceCurveSweptAreaSolid
SUBTYPE OF (IfcSweptAreaSolid);
Directrix : IfcCurve;
StartParam : OPTIONAL IfcParameterValue;
EndParam : OPTIONAL IfcParameterValue;
ReferenceSurface : IfcSurface;
WHERE
DirectrixBounded : (EXISTS(StartParam) AND EXISTS(EndParam)) OR
(SIZEOF(['IFCGEOMETRYRESOURCE.IfcConic', 'IFCGEOMETRYRESOURCE.IfcBoundedCurve'] * TYPEOF(Directrix)) = 1);
END_ENTITY;