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Definition from buildingSMART International: Instances of the entity IfcStructuralPointAction are used to define point actions. Structural loads applicable to point actions are IfcStructuralLoadSingleForce (and subtype), and IfcStructuralLoadSingleDisplacement (and subtype).

The structural load, defining the point action is given by the attribute AppliedLoad at the supertype IfcStructuralActivitiy. The coordinate system, in which the AppliedLoad is defined is given by the attribute ObjectPlacement at the supertype IfcProduct.

HISTORY: New entity in Release IFC2x Edition 2.

Topology Use Definition

Instances of IfcStructuralPointAction shall have a topology representation. It includes a placement and a product representation. The IfcProductRepresentation shall be given by an item of Representations being of type "IfcTopologyRepresentation".


The placement for IfcStructuralPointAction is determined at its supertype IfcProduct. It is defined by the optional IfcObjectPlacement, referenced by ObjectPlacement at IfcProduct, which establishes, if given, the object coordinate system that is referenced by the applied load.

Topology Representation

Instances of IfcStructuralPointAction may have a topology representation given by a vertex with an optional additional geometric representation by a Cartesian point. It can be provided by either

which should be the single item of IfcTopologyRepresentation.Items. If no topology representation is given, the location of the placement is taken as the vertex at which the point actions acts upon the structural item.

EXPRESS specification:

ENTITY IfcStructuralPointAction
SUBTYPE OF ( IfcStructuralAction);

Formal Propositions:

WR61  :  A structural point action should place either a single force, or a single displacement.

Inheritance graph

ENTITY IfcStructuralPointAction;
GlobalId  :  IfcGloballyUniqueId;
OwnerHistory  :  IfcOwnerHistory;
Name  :  OPTIONAL IfcLabel;
Description  :  OPTIONAL IfcText;
ENTITY IfcObjectDefinition;
HasAssignments  :  SET OF IfcRelAssigns FOR RelatedObjects;
IsDecomposedBy  :  SET OF IfcRelDecomposes FOR RelatingObject;
Decomposes  :  SET [0:1] OF IfcRelDecomposes FOR RelatedObjects;
HasAssociations  :  SET OF IfcRelAssociates FOR RelatedObjects;
ENTITY IfcObject;
ObjectType  :  OPTIONAL IfcLabel;
IsDefinedBy  :  SET OF IfcRelDefines FOR RelatedObjects;
ENTITY IfcProduct;
ObjectPlacement  :  OPTIONAL IfcObjectPlacement;
Representation  :  OPTIONAL IfcProductRepresentation;
ReferencedBy  :  SET OF IfcRelAssignsToProduct FOR RelatingProduct;
ENTITY IfcStructuralActivity;
AppliedLoad  :  IfcStructuralLoad;
GlobalOrLocal  :  IfcGlobalOrLocalEnum;
AssignedToStructuralItem  :  IfcRelConnectsStructuralActivity FOR RelatedStructuralActivity;
ENTITY IfcStructuralAction;
DestabilizingLoad  :  BOOLEAN;
CausedBy  :  OPTIONAL IfcStructuralReaction;
ENTITY IfcStructuralPointAction;