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Definition from buildingSMART: An IfcPlate is a planar and often flat part with constant thickness. A plate can be a structural part carrying loads between or beyond points of support, however it is not required to be load bearing. The location of the plate (being horizontal, vertical or sloped) is not relevant to its definition (in contrary to IfcWall and IfcSlab (as floor slab)). 

NOTE  Plates are normally made of steel, other metallic material, or by glass panels. However the definition of IfcPlate is material independent and specific material information shall be handled by using IfcAssociatesMaterial to assign a material specification to the IfcPlate

NOTE  Although not necessarily, plates are often add-on parts. This is represented by the IfcRelAggregates decomposition mechanism used to aggregate parts, such as IfcPlate, into a container element, e.g. IfcElementAssembly, or IfcCurtainWall

An instance IfcPlate should preferably get its geometric representation and material assignment through the type definition by IfcPlateType assigned using the IfcRelDefinesByType relationship. This allows identical plates in a construction to be represented by the same instance of IfcPlateType.

HISTORY New entity in IFC Release 2x2

Containment Use Definitions

The IfcPlate, as any subtype of IfcBuildingElement, may participate in two different containment relationships. The first (and in most implementation scenarios mandatory) relationship is the hierachical spatial containment, the second relationship is the aggregation within an element assembly.

Geometry use definition

The geometric representation of IfcPlate is given by the IfcProductDefinitionShape, allowing multiple geometric representations. Included are:

Local Placement

The local placement for IfcPlate is defined in its supertype IfcProduct. It is defined by the IfcLocalPlacement, which defines the local coordinate system that is referenced by all geometric representations.

Geometric Representations

Currently, the use of 'SweptSolid', 'Clipping', 'Brep' and 'MappedRepresentation' representations is supported. In addition the general representation types 'SurfaceModel' and 'BoundingBox' are allowed. The geometry use definition for 'BoundingBox', 'SurfaceModel' and 'Brep' is explained at IfcBuildingElement.

SweptSolid Representation
The standard geometric representation of IfcPlate is defined using the 'SweptSolid' representation. The following attribute values for the IfcShapeRepresentation holding this geometric representation shall be used:

Clipping Representation
The advanced geometric representation of IfcMember is defined using the 'Clipping' geometry. The following attribute values for the IfcShapeRepresentation holding this geometric representation shall be used:

In addition to the standard geometric representation of IfcPlate that is defined using the 'SweptSolid' or 'Clipping' geometry, also the 'MappedRepresentation' shall be supported as it allows for reusing the geometry definition of the member type at all occurrences of the same type. The following attribute values for the IfcShapeRepresentation holding this geometric representation shall be used:

The same constraints, as given for the standard 'SweptSolid' and the advanced 'SweptSolid' and 'Clipping' geometric representation, shall apply to the MappedRepresentation of the IfcRepresentationMap.

Use definition for steel members

When using the IfcPlate for steel members in steel construction applications the following additional conventions apply:

Definition by non-geometric properties
Additional non-geometric properties can be specified through the class IfcPropertySet, which is attached to the inverse attribute IfcObject.IsDefinedBy through the objectified relationship IfcRelDefinesByProperties. This allows for attaching country-specific information to structural members.

An instance of IfcPlate can be part of a decomposition through the IfcRelAggregates relationship - both as sub-ordinate or as a super-ordinate component.

Position number
The position number is assigned through the attribute IfcElement.Tag

EXPRESS specification:

SUBTYPE OF ( IfcBuildingElement);

Inheritance graph

ENTITY IfcPlate;
GlobalId  :  IfcGloballyUniqueId;
OwnerHistory  :  IfcOwnerHistory;
Name  :  OPTIONAL IfcLabel;
Description  :  OPTIONAL IfcText;
ENTITY IfcObjectDefinition;
HasAssignments  :  SET OF IfcRelAssigns FOR RelatedObjects;
IsDecomposedBy  :  SET OF IfcRelDecomposes FOR RelatingObject;
Decomposes  :  SET [0:1] OF IfcRelDecomposes FOR RelatedObjects;
HasAssociations  :  SET OF IfcRelAssociates FOR RelatedObjects;
ENTITY IfcObject;
ObjectType  :  OPTIONAL IfcLabel;
IsDefinedBy  :  SET OF IfcRelDefines FOR RelatedObjects;
ENTITY IfcProduct;
ObjectPlacement  :  OPTIONAL IfcObjectPlacement;
Representation  :  OPTIONAL IfcProductRepresentation;
ReferencedBy  :  SET OF IfcRelAssignsToProduct FOR RelatingProduct;
ENTITY IfcElement;
Tag  :  OPTIONAL IfcIdentifier;
FillsVoids  :  SET [0:1] OF IfcRelFillsElement FOR RelatedBuildingElement;
ConnectedTo  :  SET OF IfcRelConnectsElements FOR RelatingElement;
HasCoverings  :  SET OF IfcRelCoversBldgElements FOR RelatingBuildingElement;
HasProjections  :  SET OF IfcRelProjectsElement FOR RelatingElement;
HasStructuralMember  :  SET OF IfcRelConnectsStructuralElement FOR RelatingElement;
ReferencedInStructures  :  SET OF IfcRelReferencedInSpatialStructure FOR RelatedElements;
HasPorts  :  SET OF IfcRelConnectsPortToElement FOR RelatedElement;
HasOpenings  :  SET OF IfcRelVoidsElement FOR RelatingBuildingElement;
IsConnectionRealization  :  SET OF IfcRelConnectsWithRealizingElements FOR RealizingElements;
ProvidesBoundaries  :  SET OF IfcRelSpaceBoundary FOR RelatedBuildingElement;
ConnectedFrom  :  SET OF IfcRelConnectsElements FOR RelatedElement;
ContainedInStructure  :  SET [0:1] OF IfcRelContainedInSpatialStructure FOR RelatedElements;
ENTITY IfcBuildingElement;
ENTITY IfcPlate;