IfcColumn
Definition from ISO 67071:1989: Structural member of slender form, usually vertical, that transmits to its base the forces, primarily in compression, that are applied to it.
Definition from buildingSMART: An IfcColumn is a vertical structural member which often is aligned with a structural grid intersection. It represents a vertical, or nearly vertical, structural member from an architectural point of view. It is not required to be load bearing.
NOTE For any longitudial structural member, not constrained to be predominately horizontal nor vertical, or where this semantic information is irrelevant, the entity IfcMember exists.
A particular usage type for the IfcColumn can be given (if type information is available) by refering to the type object IfcColumnType, using the IfcRelDefinesByType relationship, or (if only occurrence information is given) by using the ObjectType attribute. Recommended values are 'column' (the default).
HISTORY New entity in IFC Release 1.0
Type Use Definition
IfcColumn defines the occuurence of any beam, common information about column types (or styles) is handled by IfcColumnType. The IfcColumnType (if present) may establish the common type name, usage (or predefined) type, common set of properties and common shape representations (using IfcRepresentationMap). The IfcColumnType is attached using the IfcRelDefinedByType.RelatingType objectified relationship and is accessible by the inverse IsDefinedBy attribute.
Property Set Use Definition
The property sets relating to the IfcColumn are defined by the IfcPropertySet and attached by the IfcRelDefinesByProperties relationship. It is accessible by the inverse IsDefinedBy relationship. The following property set definitions specific to the IfcColumn are part of this IFC release:
Material Use Definition
The material of the IfcColumn is defined by the IfcMaterial or IfcMaterialList and attached by the IfcRelAssociatesMaterial.RelatingMaterial. It is accessible by the inverse HasAssociations relationship. Material information can also be given at the IfcColumnType, defining the common attribute data for all occurrences of the same type. It is then accessible by the inverse IsDefinedBy relationship pointing to IfcColumnType.HasAssociations and via IfcRelAssociatesMaterial.RelatingMaterial to IfcMaterial or IfcMaterialList. If both are given, then the material directly assigned to IfcColumn overrides the material assigned to IfcColumnType.
Quantity Use Definition
The quantities relating to the IfcColumn are defined by the IfcElementQuantity and attached by the IfcRelDefinesByProperties. It is accessible by the inverse IsDefinedBy relationship. The following quantities are foreseen, but will be subjected to the local standard of measurement used:
Name  Description  Value Type 
NominalLength  Total nominal length of the column, not taking into account any cutout's or other processing features.  IfcQuantityLength 
CrossSectionArea  Total area of the cross section (or profile) of the column. The exact definition and calculation rules depend on the method of measurement used.  IfcQuantityArea 
OuterSurfaceArea  Total area of the extruded surfaces of the column (not taking into account the end cap areas), normally generated as perimeter * length.  IfcQuantityArea 
TotalSurfaceArea  Total area of the column, normally generated as perimeter * length + 2 * cross section area.  IfcQuantityArea 
GrossVolume  Total gross volume of the column, not taking into account possible processing features (cutout's, etc.) or openings and recesses. The exact definition and calculation rules depend on the method of measurement used.  IfcQuantityVolume 
NetVolume  Total net volume of the column, taking into account possible processing features (cutout's, etc.) or openings and recesses. The exact definition and calculation rules depend on the method of measurement used.  IfcQuantityVolume 
GrossWeight  Total gross weight of the column without addon parts, not taking into account possible processing features (cutout's, etc.) or openings and recesses.  IfcQuantityWeight 
NetWeight  Total net weight of the column without addon parts, taking into account possible processing features (cutout's, etc.) or openings and recesses.  IfcQuantityWeight 
Containment Use Definition
The IfcColumn, as any subtype of IfcBuildingElement, may participate in two different containment relationships. The first (and in most implementation scenarios mandatory) relationship is the hierachical spatial containment, the second (optional) relationship is the aggregation within an element assembly.
Geometry Use Definition
The geometric representation of IfcColumn is given by the IfcProductDefinitionShape, allowing multiple geometric representations. Included are:
Local Placement
The local placement for IfcColumn is defined in its supertype IfcProduct. It is defined by the IfcLocalPlacement, which defines the local coordinate system that is referenced by all geometric representations.
Geometric Representations
Currently, the use of 'SweptSolid', 'Clipping', 'Brep' and 'MappedRepresentation' representations is supported. In addition the general representation types 'SurfaceModel' and 'BoundingBox' are allowed. The geometry use definition for 'BoundingBox', 'SurfaceModel' and 'Brep' is explained at IfcBuildingElement.
Swept Solid Representation
The standard geometric representation of IfcColumn is defined using the 'SweptSolid' representation. The following attribute values for the IfcShapeRepresentation holding this geometric representation shall be used:
The following additional constraints apply to the 'SweptSolid' representation:
EXAMPLE for standard geometric representation.
Advanced SweptSolid and Clipping Representation
The advanced geometric representation of IfcColumn is defined using the 'SweptSolid' (enhanced by additional profile types) or 'Clipping' geometry. The following attribute values for the IfcShapeRepresentation holding this geometric representation shall be used:
The following constraints apply to the advanced representation:
EXAMPLE for advanced geometric representation.
Use of a special profile type (here IfcIshapeProfileDef) for the definition of the IfcExtrudedAreaSolid. 
MappedRepresentation
In addition to the standard and advanced geometric representation of IfcColumn that is defined using the 'SweptSolid' or 'Clipping' geometry, also the 'MappedRepresentation' shall be supported as it allows for reusing the geometry definition of the column type at all occurrences of the same type. The following attribute values for the IfcShapeRepresentation holding this geometric representation shall be used:
The same constraints, as given for the standard 'SweptSolid' and the advanced 'SweptSolid' and 'Clipping' geometric representation, shall apply to the MappedRepresentation of the IfcRepresentationMap.
EXPRESS specification:

