IfcTrimmedCurve

Natural language names
Begrenzte Kurve
Trimmed Curve
Courbe de rognage
Change log
ItemSPFXMLChangeDescription
IFC4 Addendum 1
    IfcTrimmedCurve
      SenseAgreementMODIFIEDType changed from BOOLEAN to IfcBoolean.
IFC4x2 FINAL
    IfcTrimmedCurve
      PositioningElementADDED
Semantic definitions at the entity
Entity definition

An IfcTrimmedCurve is a bounded curve that is trimmed at both ends. The trimming points may be provided by a Cartesian point or by a parameter value, based on the parameterization of the BasisCurve. The SenseAgreement attribute indicates whether the direction of the IfcTrimmedCurve agrees with or is opposed to the direction of the BasisCurve.

NOTE  In case of the BasisCurve being a closed curve, such as an IfcCircle or IfcEllipse, the SenseAgreement affects the geometric shape of the IfcTrimmedCurve.
curve parameterization

Figure 382 — Trimmed curve parameterization

Figure 382 shows the four arcs (dashed blue and green lines with arrow showing different orientations) that can be defined by the same BasisCurve (of type IfcCircle) and the same trimming points (given by Cartesian points and parameter values) by using different assignments to Trim1 and Trim2 and SenseAgreement.

NOTE  Since the BasisCurve is closed (type IfcCircle), the exception of the informal proposition IP3 applies, i.e. the sense flag is not required to be consistent with the parameter values of Trim1 and Trim1, so the rule (sense = parameter 1 < parameter 2) may not be fulfilled.

NOTE Definition according to ISO/CD 10303-42:1992
A trimmed curve is a bounded curve which is created by taking a selected portion, between two identified points, of the associated basis curve. The basis curve itself is unaltered and more than one trimmed curve may reference the same basis curve. Trimming points for the curve may be identified by:

  • parametric value
  • geometric position
  • both of the above

At least one of these shall be specified at each end of the curve. The SenseAgreement makes it possible to unambiguously define any segment of a closed curve such as a circle. The combinations of sense and ordered end points make it possible to define four distinct directed segments connecting two different points on a circle or other closed curve. For this purpose cyclic properties of the parameter range are assumed; for example, 370 degrees is equivalent to 10 degrees.

The IfcTrimmedCurve has a parameterization which is inherited from the particular basis curve reference. More precisely the parameter s of the trimmed curve is derived from the parameter of the basis curve as follows:

  • if SenseAgreement is TRUE: s = t - t1
  • if SenseAgreement is FALSE: s = t2 - t

In the above equations t1 is the value given by Trim1 or the parameter value corresponding to point 1 and t2 is the value given by Trim2 or the parameter value corresponding to point 2. The resultant IfcTrimmedCurve has a parameter ranging from 0 at the first trimming point to |t2 - t1| at the second trimming point.

NOTE  In case of a closed curve, it may be necessary to increment t1 or t2 by the parametric length for consistency with the sense flag.
NOTE Entity adapted from trimmed_curve defined in ISO 10303-42
HISTORY  New entity in IFC1.0

Informal Propositions:

  1. Where both the parameter value and the Cartesian point exist for Trim1 and Trim2 they shall be consistent. (i.e., the BasisCurve evaluated at the parameter value shall coincide with the specified point).
  2. When a Cartesian point is specified by Trim1 or by Trim2 it shall lie on the BasisCurve.
  3. Except the case of a closed BasisCurve where both parameter 1 and parameter 2 exist, they shall be consistent with the sense flag, i.e., (sense = parameter 1 < parameter 2). Or, for every open curve where both parameter 1 and parameter 2 exist, they shall be consistent with the SenseAgreement, i.e., SenseAgreement = (parameter 1 < parameter 2).
  4. If both parameter 1 and parameter 2 exist, then parameter 1 <> parameter 2. For a closed base curve, e.g. IfcCircle or IfcEllipse, this also applies to the cyclic properties, as 360' is equal to 0', parameter 1 = 360' and parameter 2 = 0' are treated as being equal and therefore violating this proposition.
  5. When a parameter value is specified by Trim1 or Trim2 it shall lie within the parametric range of the BasisCurve.
Attribute definitions
#AttributeTypeCardinalityDescription G
1BasisCurveIfcCurve The curve to be trimmed. For curves with multiple representations any parameter values given as Trim1 or Trim2 refer to the master representation of the BasisCurve only.X
2Trim1IfcTrimmingSelectS[1:2] The first trimming point which may be specified as a Cartesian point, as a real parameter or both.X
3Trim2IfcTrimmingSelectS[1:2] The second trimming point which may be specified as a Cartesian point, as a real parameter or both.X
4SenseAgreementIfcBoolean Flag to indicate whether the direction of the trimmed curve agrees with or is opposed to the direction of the basis curve.X
5MasterRepresentationIfcTrimmingPreference Where both parameter and point are present at either end of the curve this indicates the preferred form.X
Formal Propositions
RuleDescription
Trim1ValuesConsistentEither a single value is specified for Trim1, or the two trimming values are of different type (point and parameter)
Trim2ValuesConsistentEither a single value is specified for Trim2, or the two trimming values are of different type (point and parameter)
NoTrimOfBoundedCurvesAlready bounded curves shall not be trimmed.
Inherited definitions from supertypes
Entity inheritance IfcBoundedCurve IfcCurve IfcGeometricRepresentationItem IfcRepresentationItem
Attribute inheritance
#AttributeTypeCardinalityDescriptionG
IfcRepresentationItem
LayerAssignmentIfcPresentationLayerAssignment
@AssignedItems
S[0:1]Assignment of the representation item to a single or multiple layer(s). The LayerAssignments can override a LayerAssignments of the IfcRepresentation it is used within the list of Items.
IFC2x3 CHANGE  The inverse attribute LayerAssignments has been added.
IFC4 CHANGE  The inverse attribute LayerAssignment has been restricted to max 1. Upward compatibility for file based exchange is guaranteed.
X
StyledByItemIfcStyledItem
@Item
S[0:1]Reference to the IfcStyledItem that provides presentation information to the representation, e.g. a curve style, including colour and thickness to a geometric curve.
IFC2x3 CHANGE  The inverse attribute StyledByItem has been added.
X
IfcGeometricRepresentationItem
IfcCurve
Dim
:=IfcCurveDim(SELF)
IfcDimensionCountThe space dimensionality of this abstract class, defined differently for all subtypes, i.e. for IfcLine, IfcConic and IfcBoundedCurve. X
IfcBoundedCurve
PositioningElementIfcLinearPositioningElement
@Axis
? X
IfcTrimmedCurve
1BasisCurveIfcCurve The curve to be trimmed. For curves with multiple representations any parameter values given as Trim1 or Trim2 refer to the master representation of the BasisCurve only.X
2Trim1IfcTrimmingSelectS[1:2] The first trimming point which may be specified as a Cartesian point, as a real parameter or both.X
3Trim2IfcTrimmingSelectS[1:2] The second trimming point which may be specified as a Cartesian point, as a real parameter or both.X
4SenseAgreementIfcBoolean Flag to indicate whether the direction of the trimmed curve agrees with or is opposed to the direction of the basis curve.X
5MasterRepresentationIfcTrimmingPreference Where both parameter and point are present at either end of the curve this indicates the preferred form.X
Formal representations
XML Specification
 <xs:element name="IfcTrimmedCurve" type="ifc:IfcTrimmedCurve" substitutionGroup="ifc:IfcBoundedCurve" nillable="true"/>
 <xs:complexType name="IfcTrimmedCurve">
  <xs:complexContent>
   <xs:extension base="ifc:IfcBoundedCurve">
    <xs:sequence>
     <xs:element name="BasisCurve" type="ifc:IfcCurve" nillable="true"/>
     <xs:element name="Trim1">
      <xs:complexType>
       <xs:group ref="ifc:IfcTrimmingSelect" maxOccurs="2"/>
       <xs:attribute ref="ifc:itemType" fixed="ifc:IfcTrimmingSelect"/>
       <xs:attribute ref="ifc:cType" fixed="set"/>
       <xs:attribute ref="ifc:arraySize" use="optional"/>
      </xs:complexType>
     </xs:element>
     <xs:element name="Trim2">
      <xs:complexType>
       <xs:group ref="ifc:IfcTrimmingSelect" maxOccurs="2"/>
       <xs:attribute ref="ifc:itemType" fixed="ifc:IfcTrimmingSelect"/>
       <xs:attribute ref="ifc:cType" fixed="set"/>
       <xs:attribute ref="ifc:arraySize" use="optional"/>
      </xs:complexType>
     </xs:element>
    </xs:sequence>
    <xs:attribute name="SenseAgreement" type="ifc:IfcBoolean" use="optional"/>
    <xs:attribute name="MasterRepresentation" type="ifc:IfcTrimmingPreference" use="optional"/>
   </xs:extension>
  </xs:complexContent>
 </xs:complexType>
EXPRESS Specification
ENTITY IfcTrimmedCurve
 SUBTYPE OF (IfcBoundedCurve);
  BasisCurve : IfcCurve;
  Trim1 : SET [1:2] OF IfcTrimmingSelect;
  Trim2 : SET [1:2] OF IfcTrimmingSelect;
  SenseAgreement : IfcBoolean;
  MasterRepresentation : IfcTrimmingPreference;
 WHERE
  Trim1ValuesConsistent : (HIINDEX(Trim1) = 1) OR (TYPEOF(Trim1[1]) <> TYPEOF(Trim1[2]));
  Trim2ValuesConsistent : (HIINDEX(Trim2) = 1) OR (TYPEOF(Trim2[1]) <> TYPEOF(Trim2[2]));
  NoTrimOfBoundedCurves : NOT('IFCGEOMETRYRESOURCE.IfcBoundedCurve' IN TYPEOF(BasisCurve));
END_ENTITY;

Link to EXPRESS-G diagram EXPRESS-G diagram

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