IfcAxis2Placement3D

Natural language names
Einfügepunkt mit zwei Achsen - dreidimensionaler Raum (3D)
Axis 2 Placement 3D
Semantic definitions at the entity
Entity definition

The IfcAxis2Placement3D provides location and orientations to place items in a three-dimensional space. The attribute Axis defines the Z direction, RefDirection the X direction. The Y direction is derived.

NOTE  The RefDirection does not have to be orthogonal to Axis.

If the attribute values for Axis and RefDirection are not given, the placement defaults to P[1] (x-axis) as [1.,0.,0.], P[2] (y-axis) as [0.,1.,0.] and P[3] (z-axis) as [0.,0.,1.].

axis2 placement 2D
Figure 366 illustrates the definition of the IfcAxis2Placement3D within the three-dimensional coordinate system.

Figure 366 — Axis2 placement 3D

 
NOTE  Definition according to ISO/CD 10303-42:1992
The location and orientation in three dimensional space of three mutually perpendicular axes. An axis2_placement_3D is defined in terms of a point (inherited from placement supertype) and two (ideally orthogonal) axes. It can be used to locate and orientate a non axi-symmetric object in space and to define a placement coordinate system. The entity includes a point which forms the origin of the placement coordinate system. Two direction vectors are required to complete the definition of the placement coordinate system. The axis is the placement Z axis direction and the ref_direction is an approximation to the placement X axis direction.
NOTE  Entity adapted from axis2_placement_3d defined in ISO10303-42.
HISTORY  New entity in IFC1.5.
Attribute definitions
#AttributeTypeCardinalityDescription G
2AxisIfcDirection? The exact direction of the local Z Axis.X
3RefDirectionIfcDirection? The direction used to determine the direction of the local X Axis. If necessary an adjustment is made to maintain orthogonality to the Axis direction. If Axis and/or RefDirection is omitted, these directions are taken from the geometric coordinate system.X
P
:=IfcBuildAxes(Axis, RefDirection)
IfcDirectionL[3:3]The normalized directions of the placement X Axis (P[1]) and the placement Y Axis (P[2]) and the placement Z Axis (P[3]). X
Formal Propositions
RuleDescription
LocationIs3DThe dimensionality of the placement location shall be 3.
AxisIs3DThe Axis when given should only reference a three-dimensional IfcDirection.
RefDirIs3DThe RefDirection when given should only reference a three-dimensional IfcDirection.
AxisToRefDirPositionThe Axis and RefDirection shall not be parallel or anti-parallel.
AxisAndRefDirProvisionEither both, Axis and RefDirection are not given and therefore defaulted, or both shall be given.
Inherited definitions from supertypes
Entity inheritance IfcPlacement IfcGeometricRepresentationItem IfcRepresentationItem
Attribute inheritance
#AttributeTypeCardinalityDescriptionG
IfcRepresentationItem
LayerAssignmentIfcPresentationLayerAssignment
@AssignedItems
S[0:1]Assignment of the representation item to a single or multiple layer(s). The LayerAssignments can override a LayerAssignments of the IfcRepresentation it is used within the list of Items.
IFC2x3 CHANGE  The inverse attribute LayerAssignments has been added.
IFC4 CHANGE  The inverse attribute LayerAssignment has been restricted to max 1. Upward compatibility for file based exchange is guaranteed.
X
StyledByItemIfcStyledItem
@Item
S[0:1]Reference to the IfcStyledItem that provides presentation information to the representation, e.g. a curve style, including colour and thickness to a geometric curve.
IFC2x3 CHANGE  The inverse attribute StyledByItem has been added.
X
IfcGeometricRepresentationItem
IfcPlacement
1LocationIfcCartesianPoint The geometric position of a reference point, such as the center of a circle, of the item to be located.X
Dim
:=Location.Dim
IfcDimensionCountThe space dimensionality of this class, derived from the dimensionality of the location. X
IfcAxis2Placement3D
2AxisIfcDirection? The exact direction of the local Z Axis.X
3RefDirectionIfcDirection? The direction used to determine the direction of the local X Axis. If necessary an adjustment is made to maintain orthogonality to the Axis direction. If Axis and/or RefDirection is omitted, these directions are taken from the geometric coordinate system.X
P
:=IfcBuildAxes(Axis, RefDirection)
IfcDirectionL[3:3]The normalized directions of the placement X Axis (P[1]) and the placement Y Axis (P[2]) and the placement Z Axis (P[3]). X
Formal representations
XML Specification
 <xs:element name="IfcAxis2Placement3D" type="ifc:IfcAxis2Placement3D" substitutionGroup="ifc:IfcPlacement" nillable="true"/>
 <xs:complexType name="IfcAxis2Placement3D">
  <xs:complexContent>
   <xs:extension base="ifc:IfcPlacement">
    <xs:sequence>
     <xs:element name="Axis" type="ifc:IfcDirection" nillable="true" minOccurs="0"/>
     <xs:element name="RefDirection" type="ifc:IfcDirection" nillable="true" minOccurs="0"/>
    </xs:sequence>
   </xs:extension>
  </xs:complexContent>
 </xs:complexType>
EXPRESS Specification
ENTITY IfcAxis2Placement3D
 SUBTYPE OF (IfcPlacement);
  Axis : OPTIONAL IfcDirection;
  RefDirection : OPTIONAL IfcDirection;
 DERIVE
  P : LIST [3:3] OF IfcDirection := IfcBuildAxes(Axis, RefDirection);
 WHERE
  LocationIs3D : SELF\IfcPlacement.Location.Dim = 3;
  AxisIs3D : (NOT (EXISTS (Axis))) OR (Axis.Dim = 3);
  RefDirIs3D : (NOT (EXISTS (RefDirection))) OR (RefDirection.Dim = 3);
  AxisToRefDirPosition : (NOT (EXISTS (Axis))) OR (NOT (EXISTS (RefDirection))) OR (IfcCrossProduct(Axis,RefDirection).Magnitude > 0.0);
  AxisAndRefDirProvision : NOT ((EXISTS (Axis)) XOR (EXISTS (RefDirection)));
END_ENTITY;

Link to EXPRESS-G diagram EXPRESS-G diagram

References  References: IfcRelConnectsStructuralMember IfcStructuralAnalysisModel IfcStructuralPointConnection IfcLinearPlacement IfcCsgPrimitive3D IfcPolygonalBoundedHalfSpace IfcSectionedSpine IfcSweptAreaSolid IfcElementarySurface IfcSweptSurface IfcAxis2Placement IfcLightSourceGoniometric

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