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IfcWall

Definition from ISO 6707-1:1989: Vertical construction usually in masonry or in concrete which bounds or subdivides a construction works and fulfills a load bearing or retaining function.

Definition from IAI: The wall represents a vertical construction that bounds or subdivides spaces. Wall are usually vertical, or nearly vertical, planar elements, often designed to bear structural loads. A wall is however not required to be load bearing. The IFC specification provides two entities for wall occurrences:

HISTORY New entity in IFC Release 1.0, the entity has changed in IFC Release 2x.

Type Use Definition

IfcWall (or the subtype IfcWallStandardCase) defines the occuurence of any wall, common information about wall types (or styles) is handled by IfcWallType. The IfcWallType (if present) may establish the common type name, usage (or predefined) type, common material layer set, common set of properties and common shape representations (using IfcRepresentationMap). The IfcWallType is attached using the IfcRelDefinedByType.RelatingType objectified relationship and is accessible by the inverse IsDefinedBy attribute.

Property Set Use Definition:

The property sets relating to the IfcWall are defined by the IfcPropertySet and attached by the IfcRelDefinesByProperties relationship. It is accessible by the inverse IsDefinedBy relationship. The following property set definitions specific to the IfcWall are part of this IFC release:

Quantity Use Definition:

The quantities relating to the IfcWall are defined by the IfcElementQuantity and attached by the IfcRelDefinesByProperties. The following quantities are foreseen, but will be subjected to the local standard of measurement:

Name Description Value Type
NominalLength Total nominal (or average) length of the wall along the wall path. The exact definition and calculation rules depend on the method of measurement used. IfcQuantityLength
NominalWidth Total nominal (or average) width (or thickness) of the wall perpendicular to the wall path. The exact definition and calculation rules depend on the method of measurement used. IfcQuantityLength
NominalHeight Total nominal (or average) height of the wall along the wall path. The exact definition and calculation rules depend on the method of measurement used. IfcQuantityLength
GrossFootprintArea Area of the wall as viewed by a ground floor view, not taking any wall modifications (like recesses) into account. It is also referred to as the foot print of the wall. The exact definition and calculation rules depend on the method of measurement used. IfcQuantityArea
NetFootprintArea Area of the wall as viewed by a ground floor view, taking all wall modifications (like recesses) into account. It is also referred to as the foot print of the wall. The exact definition and calculation rules depend on the method of measurement used. IfcQuantityArea
GrossSideArea Area of the wall as viewed by an elevation view of the middle plane of the wall.  It does not take into account any wall modifications (such as openings). The exact definition and calculation rules depend on the method of measurement used. IfcQuantityArea
NetSideArea Area of the wall as viewed by an elevation view of the middle plane. It does take into account all wall modifications (such as openings). The exact definition and calculation rules depend on the method of measurement used. IfcQuantityArea
GrossSideAreaLeft Area of the wall as viewed by an elevation view of the left side (when viewed along the wall path orientation). It does not take into account any wall modifications (such as openings). The exact definition and calculation rules depend on the method of measurement used. IfcQuantityArea
NetSideAreaLeft Area of the wall as viewed by an elevation view of the left side (when viewed along the wall path orientation). It does take into account all wall modifications (such as openings). The exact definition and calculation rules depend on the method of measurement used. IfcQuantityArea
GrossSideAreaRight Area of the wall as viewed by an elevation view of the right side (when viewed along the wall path orientation). It does not take into account any wall modifications (such as openings). The exact definition and calculation rules depend on the method of measurement used. IfcQuantityArea
NetSideAreaRight Area of the wall as viewed by an elevation view of the right side (when viewed along the wall path orientation). It does take into account all wall modifications (such as openings). The exact definition and calculation rules depend on the method of measurement used. IfcQuantityArea
GrossVolume Volume of the wall, without taking into account the openings and the connection geometry. The exact definition and calculation rules depend on the method of measurement used. IfcQuantityVolume
NetVolume Volume of the wall, after subtracting the openings and after considering the connection geometry. The exact definition and calculation rules depend on the method of measurement used. IfcQuantityVolume

Containment Use Definition

The IfcWall (and the subtype IfcWallStandardCase) as any subtype of IfcBuildingElement, may participate in two different containment relationships. The first (and in most implementation scenarios mandatory) relationship is the hierarchical spatial containment, the second (optional) relationship is the aggregation within an element assembly.

The IfcWall may also be an aggregate i.e. being composed by other elements and acting as an assembly using the objectified relationship IfcRelAggregates, referring to it by its inverse attribute SELF\IfcObjectDefinition.IsDecomposedBy. Components of a wall are described by instances of IfcBuildingElementPart that are aggregated to form a complex wall.
In this case, the contained IfcBuildingElementPart's should not be additionally contained in the project spatial hierarchy, i.e. the inverse attribute SELF\IfcElement.ContainedInStructure of IfcBuildingElementPart should be NIL.

Geometry Use Definitions:

The geometric representation of IfcWall is given by the IfcProductDefinitionShape, allowing multiple geometric representations. Included are:

Local Placement

The local placement for IfcWall is defined in its supertype IfcProduct. It is defined by the IfcLocalPlacement, which defines the local coordinate system that is referenced by all geometric representations.

Geometric Representations

Currently, the use of 'SweptSolid', 'Clipping', and 'Brep' representations is supported. In addition the general representation types 'SurfaceModel' and 'BoundingBox' are allowed. The geometry use definition for 'BoundingBox', 'SurfaceModel' and 'Brep' is explained at IfcBuildingElement. A more restricted geometry definition is given at the level of the subtype IfcWallStandardCase.

SweptSolid representation

The standard geometric representation (for body) of IfcWall is defined using the 'SweptSolid' representation. If the wall body can be described by a vertical extrusion of a polygonal footprint of the wall body (where vertical = into the direction of the global Z axis), the subtype IfcWallStandardCase should be used. If the extrusion is not equal to global Z, then the IfcWall with 'SweptSolid representation should be used. The IfcShapeRepresentation shall have the following values:

The following additional constraints apply to the swept solid representation:

Connection Geometry

The connection between two walls is represented by the IfcRelConnectsPathElements. The use of the parameter of that relationship object is defined at the level of the subtypes of IfcWall and at the IfcRelConnectsPathElements.

EXPRESS specification:

ENTITY IfcWall
SUPERTYPE OF (IfcWallStandardCase)
SUBTYPE OF ( IfcBuildingElement);
WHERE
WR1  :  SIZEOF (QUERY(temp <* SELF\IfcObjectDefinition.HasAssociations | 'IFCPRODUCTEXTENSION.IFCRELASSOCIATESMATERIAL' IN TYPEOF(temp) )) <= 1;
END_ENTITY;

Formal Propositions:

WR1  :  There should be only a maximum of one material information of a wall.

Inheritance graph

ENTITY IfcWall;
ENTITY IfcRoot;
GlobalId  :  IfcGloballyUniqueId;
OwnerHistory  :  IfcOwnerHistory;
Name  :  OPTIONAL IfcLabel;
Description  :  OPTIONAL IfcText;
ENTITY IfcObjectDefinition;
INVERSE
HasAssignments  :  SET OF IfcRelAssigns FOR RelatedObjects;
IsDecomposedBy  :  SET OF IfcRelDecomposes FOR RelatingObject;
Decomposes  :  SET [0:1] OF IfcRelDecomposes FOR RelatedObjects;
HasAssociations  :  SET OF IfcRelAssociates FOR RelatedObjects;
ENTITY IfcObject;
ObjectType  :  OPTIONAL IfcLabel;
INVERSE
IsDefinedBy  :  SET OF IfcRelDefines FOR RelatedObjects;
ENTITY IfcProduct;
ObjectPlacement  :  OPTIONAL IfcObjectPlacement;
Representation  :  OPTIONAL IfcProductRepresentation;
INVERSE
ReferencedBy  :  SET OF IfcRelAssignsToProduct FOR RelatingProduct;
ENTITY IfcElement;
Tag  :  OPTIONAL IfcIdentifier;
INVERSE
HasStructuralMember  :  SET OF IfcRelConnectsStructuralElement FOR RelatingElement;
FillsVoids  :  SET [0:1] OF IfcRelFillsElement FOR RelatedBuildingElement;
ConnectedTo  :  SET OF IfcRelConnectsElements FOR RelatingElement;
HasCoverings  :  SET OF IfcRelCoversBldgElements FOR RelatingBuildingElement;
HasProjections  :  SET OF IfcRelProjectsElement FOR RelatingElement;
ReferencedInStructures  :  SET OF IfcRelReferencedInSpatialStructure FOR RelatedElements;
HasPorts  :  SET OF IfcRelConnectsPortToElement FOR RelatedElement;
HasOpenings  :  SET OF IfcRelVoidsElement FOR RelatingBuildingElement;
IsConnectionRealization  :  SET OF IfcRelConnectsWithRealizingElements FOR RealizingElements;
ProvidesBoundaries  :  SET OF IfcRelSpaceBoundary FOR RelatedBuildingElement;
ConnectedFrom  :  SET OF IfcRelConnectsElements FOR RelatedElement;
ContainedInStructure  :  SET [0:1] OF IfcRelContainedInSpatialStructure FOR RelatedElements;
ENTITY IfcBuildingElement;
ENTITY IfcWall;
END_ENTITY;